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Archives - Les axes 2014-2017

Descriptifs des axes de recherche du contrat quadriennal 2014-2017

Theme 1 – Metropolitan territories confronted to new scalar relations

This research focuses on cities and, more generally, on urban issues. It resolutely falls within the scope of urban studies and involves many interactions between geography and other disciplines: land use planning, sociology, economy or even philosophy. One of the major inputs of the UMR Géographie-cités is its position at the juncture between the studies of the structures which organise urban spaces (real estate, housing, business, employment, etc.) on the one hand, and the studies of (...)

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Theme 2 – Systems of cities and territorial systems in the world

The world is organised according to large territorial areas and structured by exchange and information networks in which cities are the main junction points. Our goal is to analyse the processes which lead to changes in the main territorial and spatial configurations at this scale by avoiding to restrict ourselves to the established divisions of the world. We especially try to demonstrate how main spatial units and delineations emerge from the observation of multiple networks of (...)

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Theme 3 – The exploration of new patterns to represent and analyse space and time dynamics

Multi-scaled and dynamic patterns are at the heart of studies concerning this line of research. These works benefit from spectacular progress over the past few years in the fields of information systems and geographical databases (data intelligence, knowledge systems), of statistics (multi-level analysis, contextual effects), of computer science (agent-based platforms, parallel processing, genetic algorithms) and of complex systems (concepts of emergence, of self-organisation, of (...)

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Theme 4 – The European Union and neighbouring countries: functional integration, territorial cohesion and multi- scalar governance

This line of research questions the contemporary dynamics of the European Union and neighbouring countries (east, south) through the prism of three basic concepts: functional integration, territorial cohesion and multi-scalar governance. The originality of this axis lies in the fact that we do not take for granted the existence of Europe as a relevant object of study and that we prefer to adopt a spatial perimeter that evolves over time as a study framework. The idea is to avoid presuming (...)

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Theme 5 – Reversibility and proximity: what are the issues for urban planning?

The continuous development of flows of individuals, material, information and capital raises tremendous issues for town-planners. This increase of flows has considerable impacts on individual practices, on the needs for infrastructures of all sorts, on the transformations of territorial ecology or even on socio-territorial dynamics. What role can urban planning and development play in light of these changes? If the town-planner is considered as someone who “adjusts distances and flows” (...)

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Theme 6 – Geography in its writing

This research is based on an epistemological and historical investigation of textual and iconographic practices within which geographical knowledge, considered in a broad way, have constructed their objects, their concepts and their discourse.
The word ‘writing’ is used here in the broad sense of the term. Our aim is to study different types of texts (narrative, descriptive, explanatory, etc) and images (cartography, painting, photography, cinema, etc) where geographical objects are (...)

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Theme 7 – Situated Knowledge

This research aims at linking a historical approach and an epistemological approach of situated knowledge. By shifting the questioning from geography to the knowledge of space, we wish to go beyond a disciplinary survey to implement an approach that focuses on circulations between actors, from the scientific field or from other fields, and between the different registers of geographical knowledge. The formulation in terms of situation is different from the “contextual” approach, which makes (...)

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